Important terms and definitions

Structured Cabling:
The comprehensive cabling infrastructure that supports various communication systems within a building, including voice, data, video, and other multimedia services.

Cat 5e/6/6a/7/8:
Different categories of twisted pair copper cables used in structured cabling, with increasing capabilities to handle higher data rates and provide better performance.

Fiber Optic Cable:
A high-capacity cable that transmits data using light signals, offering greater bandwidth, longer distances, and immunity to electromagnetic interference compared to copper cables.

Patch Panel:
A device that provides a central termination point for network cables, allowing for easy connectivity, organization, and management of the cabling infrastructure.

Racks and Cabinets:
Equipment used to house and secure network devices, patch panels, and other structured cabling components in an organized manner.

Cable Management:
Techniques and products used to organize, support, and protect cables, reducing cable clutter and facilitating easier maintenance and troubleshooting.

Data Center:
A centralized facility that houses servers, storage systems, networking equipment, and other IT infrastructure, requiring robust structured cabling solutions to ensure reliable connectivity and data transmission.

Backbone Cabling:
The high-capacity cabling infrastructure that connects equipment rooms, telecommunications closets, and other key network components within a building or campus.

Horizontal Cabling:
The cabling that connects workstations, devices, or outlets to the telecommunications closet, typically using twisted pair copper cables or fiber optic cables.

Certification and Testing:
The process of verifying and validating the performance and compliance of structured cabling installations using specialized testing equipment to ensure adherence to industry standards.

PoE (Power over Ethernet):
Technology that allows electrical power and data signals to be transmitted over Ethernet cables, eliminating the need for separate power sources for connected devices.

Plenum and Non-Plenum:
Refers to the type of cable jacket material used in the cabling. Plenum cables are rated for use in plenum spaces (air-handling spaces), while non-plenum cables are used in other areas of the building.

EIA/TIA Standards:
Standards developed by the Electronic Industries Alliance (EIA) and the Telecommunications Industry Association (TIA) that define guidelines and specifications for structured cabling system design, installation, and performance.

Warranty and Support:
The assurance provided by the structured cabling company regarding the quality of their products and installation work, along with the level of customer support and maintenance services offered.

The ability of a structured cabling system to accommodate future expansion, additional devices, and increased data requirements without significant rework or performance degradation.